Choosing a career that has staying power is proving to be very difficult. With technological advances machines have replaced some jobs that used to be completed by people.As scientific discoveries are made, new jobs are emerging that weren’t as important even a few years ago. A look at top 10 careers that will dominate the 21st century.
“Prediction is very difficult , especially about the future” is a remark which has been attributed to the famous scientist Niels Bohr.However it is energising to know that the future is actually not that uncertain or unknown.In fact,at any given point of time in history, if you look around the globe you can see the past ,present and future in almost every area of life.For example,the technologies that are used in Dubai for management of traffic may come to fruition only later in most other parts of the world.
The policy to control cars enacted presently in London will be adopted by many other cities in the future.In issues raging for same-sex marriage to paternity leave, online education to smart homes, smart parts of the world are always much ahead of the rest.At the same time, we can also see many places that have been left behind. Infant mortality rates of more than 100 children per 1000 live births still exist in some parts of the world ,some countries are still governed by absolute monarchs and marriages are still arranged by families in many parts of the world.So at any given time , world is living in different times,past,present and future.
There is one more thing one should understand in order to ensure that they don’t become complacent. Whereas it is true that time moves forward to backward on development indicators is not a given.Therefore,countries that were once ahead can fall back and cities which were once vibrant may decay.This does not happen by accident either, but as a consequence of the many decisions made by people at different points in time.But this article is not about these topics, but about how to navigate your career in the coming times.
There are hundred of different types of jobs that people do everyday across the whole wide world. In the United States, they have been classified into more than 700 categories. As mentioned, over a half of these jobs is predicted to vanish in the coming decades as automation takes over. However , dozens of new jobs will appear on the horizon. In trying to select 21 of these jobs, I have used my judgement to project a positive future for the globe and a more globalized country. It is to be understood that these careers will not appear in the next few years time nor will they appear automatically without any social an legal changes. So these listing should not be taken as a guide for entry-level jobs or choosing the topic for basic education. At the undergraduate level, it is always safer to stick to time-tasted topics in engineering, science ,arts, commerce, law or medicine. However, people who are already employed and have experience could consider these some of the emerging possibilities.
Across the world, all corporations, institutions, cities and countries are making polices all the time. Historically, policymaking was done as part of political or corporate strategy or as response to public reaction to an incident. But this is changing rapidly. All modern professional organisations and modern democracies are changing to evidence-based policymaking. This means before a policy is made , all the available data on the topic is collected, systematically analysed , an compared with the possible alternative policies. The economic cost of implementing the policies so formed as well as their unintended consequences are both analysed. Broad knowledge in related subjects as well as access to international best practices on policy formation and initiatives are required to become a policy specialized.
2.Personal Health Advisers:
In an emerging world where people become wealthier and live longer , they would need professional advice on handling their health related matters . This may range from providing personalized advice to fixing lifestyle regimes, financial advice on insurance policies and technical advice on specific medical treatments to be gone or plain advice as to which hospital to go to.Increasingly making complex end of life decision , including what terminal healthcare one should opt for euthanasia , whether to stay at home , a hospice or hospital , all these matters need expert advice.Personal health analysts thus should have skill relating to health matters, financial matters , financial matters, law and counselling.
Reputation is one of the biggest assets of individuals, organizations and countries that results in both tangible and intangible benefits for these entities.Political leaders , film stars and other celebrities always have to deal with issue involving their reputation. However with the spread of social media and the lightning speed of communication networks, even ordinary people could be affected by issues related to reputation which need to be handled at extraordinary speed.
Reputation manager jobs can be both long term and short term consultancies. Large organizations and governments will employ reputation managers to help them with policy matters while individual may seek short term consultancies from such experts.Reputation manager should have a clear idea of marketing , brand management , communication, social media as well as legal matters.
4.Security Expert: On the whole world it can be said that the world is becoming a safer place to live to live in with much fewer number of people dying in wars or crimes.Yet with increasing wealth , travel, online exposure and less coherent family networks , the likelihood of being exposed to a petty crime , a terrorist attack or an online stalking is on the rise.Even European cities where crimes had come down to historic lows , are once again becoming unsafe due to the constant threat of terrorist attack .
Organisations also wish to see how to conduct operations in a secure manner , how to keep their staff safe while at work and travel and how to deal with the security issues within the legal context of a country . Countries , organisations individuals therefore will need advice from security experts to navigate through through the different parts of the world.
Jobs for security experts may be long term in government , private sector or other organisations or short term consultancies for organisations and individual. Currently there are two types of security experts : the ones who have expertise in online security issues and other who are security experts in the real world. However in the future this boundaries will likely vanish and security challenges will move from real world to online and versa.
Geriatrics is the branch of medicine or social science the branch of medicine or social science dealing with the health and care of old people.It has not been a very popular topic in our society partly because till the recent past , families took care of the elderly in their families. So the need for institutional care was minimal. As the life expectancy of the population was not too high , the number of people needing specialized support was very few. The fact that older people don’t have economic independence and the society doesn’t invest much in them is the reason why geriatrics remains a marginal profession in our society.
Geriatric specialists may be employed by hospitals , hospices, old age homes and faith based organisations.
Event management involves creating , coordinating and managing all the different components of an event as well as the teams of people responsible for each aspect. Event management has made inroads in India of late.In develop countries even funerals are handled by specialized agencies while it is unheard of in India.The demand for even manager and the specialized areas where they will be sought after ( wedding, temple festivals political rallies , university conferences and funerals) will increase dramatically in the coming year.
Event managers may be employed by event management firms or major organisations which regularly organise events.The service of event managers may also be sought after by individuals , families and organisations on a piecemeal basic so there is room for consultancy as well.
With more money , extended life span and more leisure time , people would need more entertainment. Podcasts , Broadcasts online entertainment sources all of these will need content to be updated on a continuous basis. Creative writing is expected to remain a domain where human originality will continue to win over computers for some more time.
Jobs for creative writers may mostly remain for freelancers an consultants; however a few media houses may need full time creative writers. while creative writing will continue require native talent , there are training programmes avail able to nurture creative writing talent.
Education is going to be a life long activity in future with people spending shorter time in the universities at the beginning of their careers but returning to education from time to update skill and transit jobs accordingly .There will be need for full time learning adviser who can help people through their journey of life long learning.
Learning adviser may be employed by local government institutions , faith-based organisations and educational institutions.It is also likely that individual will have their own learning advisers who track people’s learning progress much like a job that general practitioners do in medicine.
Physiotherapy is already a well established profession in the modern economy but is not as weal respected as it should be nor has it sufficiently penetrated into the developing economics. Physiotherapists help people who have been affected by disability , injury , illness or lifestyle through movement , exercise, education and advice. The play a great role in improving the quality of life of people with disabilities as well as people recovering from injury or illness .
Physiotherapists are employed by hospitals , old age home, schools. They could also be independent practitioners or sports coaches.The demand for Physiotherapists in the coming years as people live longer lives and have more disposable incomes.The qualifications of Physiotherapists are globally portable and hence job opportunities are global too.
Historically farming has been one of the largest occupations of humanity.People will need continue to need food and as such , there will be need for big frame as well as experts in framing.However the nature of people who are needed in frames will change dramatically. A lot more automation and artificial intelligence will go into the procession of framing.Much of the farm work can be automated and with increase in productivity , one will need fewer people to do manual labor in the farms. Farming much of the farm work can be automated and with increase in productivity , one will need fewer people to do manual labor in the farms. Farming will change into a more science based observation where weather forecasting , soil manipulation , water management , market prediction will all be the fundamental skill required for running a modern farm. So expert who have broad under standing of the science and economic of farming will be in great demand.
The jobs for agricultural experts will be both long term in cases where they own operate or work in the farm.Agriculture expert may also be employed as consultants , providing advises to government corporations and farms.